What does justice mean to black and minority ethnic (BME) victims/survivors of gender-based violence?

Geetanjali Gangoli, Lis Bates, Marianne Hester

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)
487 Downloads (Pure)


This paper draws on research that looked at how ‘justice’ is understood, sought, and experienced by a wide range of victims/survivors of (GBV) (domestic violence, sexual violence, ‘honour-based’ violence and forced marriage) and by key practitioners working with those victims/survivors within the UK context. This paper focuses specifically on how Black and Minority Ethnic (BME) victims/survivors of GBV experience and conceptualise justice. The key aims of this paper are to explore (a) what are the experiences of GBV for BME victim/survivors, (b) what are their experiences and perceptions of justice, and (c) what factors enable, or pose barriers to justice for, women from BME backgrounds, and to what extent are these enablers or barriers mediated by immigration status. The paper situates BME women’s experience of GBV and conceptualisations of justice within an ecological approach (Hagemann-White et al., 2010; and see Hester and Lilley, 2014), and within Bourdieu’s conceptualisation of ‘social capital’ (1986). We found that migrant women lack access to vital aspects of social capital, that make access to justice particularly challenging, and that immigration status poses key barriers in migrant women’s experiences of accessing justice.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
Early online date5 Aug 2019
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 5 Aug 2019

Structured keywords

  • SPS Centre for Gender and Violence Research


  • Black and Minority Ethnic women
  • immigration status
  • justice
  • ecological model


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