When Failure Is an option: Redundancy, Reliability, and Risk.

Research output: Working paper


This paper argues that redundancy in engineering, should be understood as a ‘design paradigm’ that frames regulatory assessments and interpretations of all complex technical systems, profoundly shaping decisions and judgements about modern technologies. It will further argue that the ‘redundancy paradigm’ used by regulators contains epistemic ambiguities that lead to imperfect predictions about the effects of redundancy in practice. By deconstructing the logic of redundancy in relation to aviation regulation, this paper illuminates much wider issues about technology governance.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationLondon
PublisherLondon School of Economics: Centre for Analysis of Risk and Regulation
Number of pages24
ISBN (Print)978-0-85328-395-9
Publication statusPublished - May 2009


  • Aviation regulation
  • Safety
  • Disaster
  • Redundancy
  • Engineering


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