When liars are considered honest

Stephan Lewandowsky*, Daniel Garcia , Almog Simchon, Fabio Carrella

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review


This paper introduces a theoretical model of truth and honesty from a psychological perspective. We examine its application in political discourse and discuss empirical findings distinguishing between conceptions of honesty and their influence on public perception, misinformation dissemination, and the integrity of democracy.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)383-385
Number of pages3
JournalTrends in Cognitive Sciences
Issue number5
Early online date4 Apr 2024
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 4 Apr 2024

Bibliographical note

SL acknowledges financial support from the European Research Council (ERC Advanced Grant 101020961 PRODEMINFO), the Humboldt Foundation through a research award, the Volkswagen Foundation (grant “Reclaiming individual autonomy and democratic discourse online: How to rebalance human and algorithmic decision making”), and the European Commission (Horizon 2020 grant 101094752 SoMe4Dem). SL also receives funding from Jigsaw (a technology incubator created by Google) and from UK Research and Innovation through EU Horizon replacement funding grant number 10049415. DG is also a beneficiary of the ERC Advanced Grant 101020961 PRODEMINFO.

Structured keywords

  • TeDCog


  • integrity of democracy
  • conceptions of honesty
  • misinformation
  • populism


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