Whiplash injury

GC Bannister, R Amirfeyz, S Kelley, M Gargan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

42 Citations (Scopus)


This review discusses the causes, outcome and prevention of whiplash injury, which costs the economy of the United Kingdom approximately £3.64 billion per annum. Most cases occur as the result of rear-end vehicle collisions at speeds of less than 14 mph. Patients present with neck pain and stiffness, occipital headache, thoracolumbar back pain and upper-limb pain and paraesthesia. Over 66% make a full recovery and 2% are permanently disabled. The outcome can be predicted in 70% after three months.
Translated title of the contributionWhiplash injury
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)845 - 850
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Bone and Joint Surgery
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2009


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