Zika virus infection in pregnancy: A protocol for the joint analysis of the prospective cohort studies of the ZIKAlliance, ZikaPLAN and ZIKAction consortia

A E Ades, Annelies Wilder-Smith, et al.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

Abstract

Introduction
Zika virus (ZIKV) infection in pregnancy has been associated with microcephaly and severe neurological damage to the fetus. Our aim is to document the risks of adverse pregnancy and birth outcomes and the prevalence of laboratory markers of congenital infection in deliveries to women experiencing ZIKV infection during pregnancy, using data from European Commission-funded prospective cohort studies in 20 centres in 11 countries across Latin America and the Caribbean.

Methods and analysis
We will carry out a centre-by-centre analysis of the risks of adverse pregnancy and birth outcomes, comparing women with confirmed and suspected ZIKV infection in pregnancy to those with no evidence of infection in pregnancy. We will document the proportion of deliveries in which laboratory markers of congenital infection were present. Finally, we will investigate the associations of trimester of maternal infection in pregnancy, presence or absence of maternal symptoms of acute ZIKV infection, and previous flavivirus infections with adverse outcomes and with markers of congenital infection. Centre-specific estimates will be pooled using a two-stage approach.

Ethics and dissemination
Ethical approval was obtained at each centre. Findings will be presented at international conferences and published in peer-reviewed open access journals, and discussed with local public health officials and representatives of the national Ministries of Health, Pan American Health Organization, and World Health Organization involved with ZIKV prevention and control activities.
Original languageEnglish
JournalBMJ Open
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 16 Nov 2020

Keywords

  • Zika virus
  • pregnancy
  • vertical transmission
  • Congenital Zika Syndrome
  • microcephaly
  • meta-analysis

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