Modelling, control and design of autonomous artificial avatars in human motor coordination task

Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisDoctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Abstract

Human coordination is a phenomenon that takes place in numerous daily activities, such as simple oral communication, walking in a crowd, clapping within an audience and when performing more complex coordinated activities such as playing in team sports or in musical ensembles. Unveiling the mechanisms that lead people to coordinate, adjust their movements properly, reach and maintain a stable coordinated behaviour represents a key challenge, both from a psychological and from a control point of view. Addressing this challenge is crucial, for example, to control artificial cyber-agents able to interact with people to perform common joint tasks. This thesis is concerned with the problem of designing an autonomous artificial agent able to move in a natural way in coordination with one or more humans. This is particularly relevant in the context of healthcare applications. Indeed, the use has been proposed
of artificial agents coordinating their movements with those of patients suffering from social or motor disorders. Specifically, it has been shown that an artificial agent moving its end-effector with certain human kinematic properties could provide innovative and efficient rehabilitation strategies. In this thesis, human behaviour is studied through a simple yet effective coordination paradigm, where participants are asked to synchronise their hand motion. Keeping the same motor task, artificial agents with different control strategies are designed to interact with human participants so as to produce coordinated motion in different configurations. Different control approaches including those based on reinforcement learning are explored and validated via numerical simulations and experiments confirming the effectiveness of the proposed control architectures. The results of some additional work on the implementation of an exergame for motor rehabilitation of patient after stroke is also reported together with the analysis of leadership emergence in walking groups.
Date of Award29 Sep 2020
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • The University of Bristol
SupervisorLucia Marucci (Supervisor) & Mario Di Bernardo (Supervisor)

Cite this

Modelling, control and design of autonomous artificial avatars in human motor coordination task
Lombardi, M. (Author). 29 Sep 2020

Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisDoctor of Philosophy (PhD)