Multi-level regulation of employment security and social security systems
: the contemporary implications for Cyprus

  • Christiana Antonoudiou

Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisDoctor of Philosophy (PhD)


This research study explores the multi-level regulation of the employment security and social security systems. It applies a systems theory approach based on the understanding of reflexive law developed by Gunther Teubner and Ralf Rogowski to analyse the relationship between the regulatory systems at the international (United Nations, including the International Labour Organisation), European (Council of Europe and European Union) and domestic (Cypriot) levels. This multi-faceted study illustrates that transnational and national labour systems have conceptualized and endorsed in different ways the concept of employment security. From a flexicurity perspective, as a form of re-regulation, this thesis argues that employment security could be achieved through reflexive communication with social security systems. The thesis discusses the complexity of flexicurity and shows that employment security, which takes the meaning of swift transitions in the labour market, sometimes can converge or collide with job security, which refers to security in a specific job. In this context, this thesis argues that the budgetary considerations, as part of the austerity measures, which were agreed between the Troika (the European Commission, the European Central Bank and the International Monetary Fund ) and the Government of Cyprus, tend to promote the bare notion of employability rather than focusing on employment security. This bare notion of employability, which is the commercial aspect of flexicurity, facilitates the transition from unemployment to employment, however, it does not necessarily facilitate personal transitions in the labour market (to enter, re-enter, or remain in employment of one’s choosing). In this context, this thesis suggests there is a need to promote collective bargaining as a stronger form of social dialogue as a means to mediate emerging tensions and power imbalances (such as in the context of economic dismissals).
Date of Award28 Nov 2019
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • University of Bristol
SupervisorTonia A Novitz (Supervisor) & Nina Boeger (Supervisor)

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