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A qualitative study to identify indicators of the quality of wound closure

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Infection Prevention
Early online date27 May 2019
DOIs
DateAccepted/In press - 3 Apr 2019
DateE-pub ahead of print (current) - 27 May 2019

Abstract

Background:
Wound healing after surgery may be complicated by surgical site infection (SSI). SSI development may be influenced by surgical techniques surrounding primary wound closure; for example, the standard to which surgical wounds are closed at the end of an operation.

Aim:
This study aimed to identify indicators of the quality of wound closure, and factors affecting this, to enable the future development of a tool to measure the quality of wound closure in the context of abdominal surgery.

Methods:
This study was undertaken within the context of an ongoing feasibility study comparing dressing strategies for patients undergoing abdominal surgery. Content analysis of published literature, non-participant observations of wound closure in the operating theatre, and semi-structured interviews with clinicians were used to identify indicators of the quality of wound closure.

Results:
A long list (n = 38 domains) was categorized into visible markers indicating the quality of wound closure (e.g. suture visibility, apposition of wound edges, evidence of gaps in the wound or tethering of the skin edges), factors that might influence this (e.g. surgeon’s expertise, time taken to closure the wounds) and patient factors (e.g. obesity, skin conditions).

Conclusions:
This is the first study to investigate what is meant by ‘good wound closure’ and factors that might influence it. Findings will result in the development of a tool to assess quality of primary wound closure.

    Research areas

  • surgery, surgical site infection, wound closure

    Structured keywords

  • Centre for Surgical Research

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  • Full-text PDF (accepted author manuscript)

    Rights statement: This is the author accepted manuscript (AAM). The final published version (version of record) is available online via Sage at https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1757177419846280 . Please refer to any applicable terms of use of the publisher.

    Accepted author manuscript, 228 KB, PDF document

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