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Boundaries of 'Us' and 'Them': Class, mobility and identification in a new town

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)171-193
Number of pages23
JournalSociology
Volume36
Issue number1
DOIs
DatePublished - 1 Jan 2002

Abstract

Whether social class shapes identification (senses of belonging to specified social groups) is subject to much debate. This article examines the boundaries of identification described by three groups living in a Southern English new town. The three groups systematically differed in their volumes of economic, cultura' and social resources, and patterns of geographical mobility. Members identified themselves as belonging within each group through interpretations of shared social practices and orientations toward everyday life. Boundaries drawn between 'Us' and 'Them' by all three groups were based on generic social categorizations of class and expressed through socio-economic, cultural and moral frameworks of status evaluation. However identifications were asymmetrical because two groups, the closest in terms of resource volumes, differentiated from one another despite employing the same frameworks for evaluating status. Internal differences were also apparent in the third group: those who had lived in the area longest offered greater degrees of specificity and certainty when identifying 'Us', it is argued that the relationship between class and identification is not straightforward. In this case, the organization of the town's social relations, with its normative conventions and local reputations, coupled with respondents' different patterns of geographical mobility acted to configure interpretations of who constituted 'Us' and 'Them'.

    Research areas

  • Belonging, Boundaries, Class, Identification, Lifestyle, Social worlds

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