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CD317/tetherin is an organiser of membrane microdomains

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • Peter G Billcliff
  • Ruth Rollason
  • Ian Prior
  • Dylan M Owen
  • Katharina Gaus
  • George Banting
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1553-64
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Cell Science
Volume126
DOIs
DatePublished - 1 Apr 2013

Abstract

The integral membrane protein tetherin has been associated with an eclectic mix of cellular processes, including restricting the release of a range of enveloped viruses from infected cells. The unusual topology of tetherin (it possesses both a conventional transmembrane domain and a glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchor), its localisation to membrane microdomains (lipid rafts) and the fact that its cytosolic domain can be linked (indirectly) to the actin cytoskeleton, led us to speculate that tetherin might form a 'tethered picket fence' and thereby play a role in the organisation of lipid rafts. We now show that knocking down expression of tetherin leads to changes in the distribution of lipid raft-localised proteins and changes in the organisation of lipids in the plasma membrane. These changes can be reversed by re-expression of wild-type tetherin, but not by any of a range of tetherin-based constructs, indicating that no individual feature of the tetherin sequence is dispensable in the context of its lipid raft organising function.

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