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Effect of orientation of principal stress axes on cyclic liquefaction potential of soils

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the XVII ECSMGE-2019
EditorsHaraldur Sigursteinsson, Sigurður Erlingsson , Bjarni Bessason
Publisher or commissioning bodyThe Icelandic Geotechnical Society
ISBN (Print)978-0-7277-6067-8
DateAccepted/In press - 16 Apr 2019
DatePublished (current) - 6 Sep 2019
EventEuropean Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering - Reykjavik, Iceland
Duration: 1 Sep 20196 Sep 2019
Conference number: 27


ConferenceEuropean Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering
Abbreviated titleECSMGE-2019
Internet address


Soil liquefaction is a large loss of strength and stiffness induced by pore pressure build up often triggered by cyclic motions such as earthquakes. Its occurrence has historically created major collapses and life losses worldwide. Different laboratory techniques have been employed to estimate the cyclic stress ratio to produce soil liquefaction, imposing variation of either shear and normal stresses. However, rotation of principal stress axes invariably occurs during cyclic earthquake motion but this aspect, which has been noted to have a major effect, has not been yet appropriately investigated. Using the Hollow Cylinder Torsional Apparatus, this research has investigated how varying the orientation of principal stress axes (with respect to the material axes) can affect the liquefaction potential of soils. The results of experimental programme demonstrate that there is a critical orientation of principal stress axes, different from the commonly employed triaxial or simple shear con-ditions, for which a minimum cyclic stress ratio is obtained.


European Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering

Abbreviated titleECSMGE-2019
Conference number27
Duration1 Sep 20196 Sep 2019
Web address (URL)
Degree of recognitionInternational event

Event: Conference

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  • Full-text PDF (accepted author manuscript)

    Rights statement: This is the author accepted manuscript (AAM). The final published version (version of record) is available online via Icelandic Geotechnical Society at Please refer to any applicable terms of use of the publisher.

    Accepted author manuscript, 966 KB, PDF document


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