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Southern Hemisphere climate variability forced by Northern Hemisphere ice-sheet topography

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • T. R. Jones
  • W. H.G. Roberts
  • E. J. Steig
  • K. M. Cuffey
  • B. R. Markle
  • J. W.C. White
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)351-355
Number of pages5
JournalNature
Volume554
Issue number7692
Early online date5 Feb 2018
DOIs
DateAccepted/In press - 19 Oct 2017
DateE-pub ahead of print - 5 Feb 2018
DatePublished (current) - 15 Feb 2018

Abstract

The presence of large Northern Hemisphere ice sheets and reduced greenhouse gas concentrations during the Last Glacial Maximum fundamentally altered global ocean-atmosphere climate dynamics. Model simulations and palaeoclimate records suggest that glacial boundary conditions affected the El Niño-Southern Oscillation, a dominant source of short-term global climate variability. Yet little is known about changes in short-term climate variability at mid- to high latitudes. Here we use a high-resolution water isotope record from West Antarctica to demonstrate that interannual to decadal climate variability at high southern latitudes was almost twice as large at the Last Glacial Maximum as during the ensuing Holocene epoch (the past 11,700 years). Climate model simulations indicate that this increased variability reflects an increase in the teleconnection strength between the tropical Pacific and West Antarctica, owing to a shift in the mean location of tropical convection. This shift, in turn, can be attributed to the influence of topography and albedo of the North American ice sheets on atmospheric circulation. As the planet deglaciated, the largest and most abrupt decline in teleconnection strength occurred between approximately 16,000 years and 15,000 years ago, followed by a slower decline into the early Holocene.

    Research areas

  • Atmospheric dynamics, Cryospheric science, Palaeoclimate, Physical oceanography

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    Rights statement: This is the author accepted manuscript (AAM). The final published version (version of record) is available online via Nature at https://www.nature.com/articles/nature24669 . Please refer to any applicable terms of use of the publisher.

    Accepted author manuscript, 1 MB, PDF document

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