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The Geography of Online Dating Fraud

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages7
DateAccepted/In press - 20 Feb 2018
DatePublished (current) - 24 May 2018
EventWorkshop on Technology and Consumer Protection: Co-located with the 39th IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy - San Franciso, United States
Duration: 24 May 201824 May 2018


WorkshopWorkshop on Technology and Consumer Protection
Abbreviated titleConPro
CountryUnited States
CitySan Franciso
Internet address


This paper presents an analysis of online dating fraud's geography. Working with real romance scammer dating profiles collected from both proxied and direct connections, we analyse geographic patterns in the targeting and distinct characteristics of dating fraud from different countries, revealing several strong markers indicative of particular national origins having distinctive approaches to romance scamming. We augment IP geolocation information with other evidence about the dating profiles. By analysing the resource overlap between scam profiles, we discover that up to 11% of profiles created from proxied connections could be assigned a different national origin on the basis of text or images shared with profiles from direct connections. Our methods allow for improved understanding of the origins of dating fraud, beyond only direct geolocation of IP addresses, with patterns and resource sharing revealing approximate location information which could be used to target prevention campaigns.

    Structured keywords

  • Cyber Security


Workshop on Technology and Consumer Protection: Co-located with the 39th IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy

Abbreviated titleConPro
Duration24 May 201824 May 2018
CitySan Franciso
CountryUnited States
Web address (URL)

Event: Workshop



  • Full-text PDF (accepted author manuscript)

    Rights statement: This is the author accepted manuscript (AAM). The final published version (version of record) is available via IEEE . Please refer to any applicable terms of use of the conference organiser.

    Accepted author manuscript, 371 KB, PDF-document

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